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Historical Tour, #3

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5 Day
Availability : 4 Mar – 4 Sept
Tbilisi, Georgia
Tbilisi, Georgia
Min Age : 10 +
Max People : 18
Tour information

Historical Tour

Historical Tour
Tbilisi

History of Tbilisi
City was founded by Vakhtang Gorgasali in the 4th century. The city is located in Eastern Georgia. The oldest architectural monument in Tbilisi is the 6th century Christian church Anchiskhati. Christianity was spread in Georgia in 4th-5th centuries. Since the foundation of Tbilisi, there are ancient shrines of Hebrew, Islamic and Catholic confessions.

18th century
In 1748 King Erekle II (Heraclius II of Georgia) liberated Tbilisi. Since then the development of the industries began in the city but the trace of it faded away quickly because of the occupation of the city by Persian Shah – Agha Mohammad Khan Qajar in 1795. These conquests made it impossible for Georgia to develop economically. In 1801 Georgia was merged by Russia.

Fight for State Independence
Since 1802, fighting for restoration of state independence of Georgia has begun, which was achieved only in 1918 year. Georgia has restored state independence, but it soon was lost in 1921 year. After a great standoff, Georgia was able to re-establish the statehood in 1991 and the avant-garde of this 2-century battles and struggles was permanently Tbilisi.

Mtskheta

Mtskheta East Georgia. Archaeological expedition (base in Mtskheta with materials of Bronze and ancient period). Mtskheta, one of the oldest cities of the country of Georgia (in Kartli province of Eastern Georgia), is located approximately 20 kilometres (12 miles) north of Tbilisi at the confluence of the Aragvi and Kura rivers. Mtskheta is one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world. Due to its historical significance and numerous ancient monuments, the “Historical Monuments of Mtskheta” became a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1994..

David Gareja

David gareja The complex was founded in the 6th century by David (St. David Garejeli), one of the thirteen Assyrian monks who arrived in the country at the same time. His disciples Dodo and Luciane expanded the original lavra and founded two other monasteries known as Dodo’s Rka (literally, “the horn of Dodo”) and Natlismtsemeli (“the Baptist”). The monastery saw further development under the guidance of the 9th-century Georgian saint Ilarion. The convent was particularly patronized by the Georgian royal and noble families. The 12th-century Georgian king Demetre I, the author of the famous Georgian hymn Thou Art a Vineyard, even chose David Gareja as a place of his confinement after he abdicated the throne.

Dmanisi

Dmanisi is located in Eastern Georgia 85 kilometers from Tbilisi. The first settlement of Dmanisi belongs to the 6th century. Dmanisi is first mentioned in the 9th century historical sources. The medieval castle-city ruins are located near Dmanisi, on which territory, a human – hominid several skulls are discovered, which belong to the 1.6 million year-old period. Today, there is a museum reserve on this territory.

Bolnisi

Bolnisi is located 65 kilometers from Tbilisi.  In the beginning of 19th century Germans were settled in the city which conditioned the development of small industry. 7 kilometers from Bolnisi there is 5th century Christian church, BolnisisSioni. On the wall of the church you can see an ancient example of Georgian writing.

Uplistsikhe – Historical Tour

Uplistsikhe is built on a high rocky left bank of the Mtkvari River, it contains various structures dating from the Early Iron Age to the Late Middle Ages, and is notable for the unique combination of various styles of rock-cut cultures from Anatolia and Iran, as well as the co-existence of pagan and Christian architecture.

Telavi

Telavi First archaeological findings from Telavi date back to Bronze Age. One of the earliest surviving accounts of Telavi is from the 2nd century AD, by Greek geographer Claudius Ptolemaeus, who mentions the name Teleda (a reference to Telavi). Telavi began to transform into a fairly important and large political and administrative center in the 8th century AD. Interesting information on Telavi is provided in the records by an Arab geographer Al-Muqaddasi of the 10th century, who mentions Telavi along with such important cities of that time’s Caucasus as Tbilisi, Shamkhor, Ganja, Shemakha and Shirvan. Speaking about the population of Telavi, Al-Muqaddasi points out that for the most part consists of Christians.

  • The Historical Tour lasts one day
  • The Historical Tour is mainly reserved for groups
  • Historical Tour

    Departure & Return Location

    Tbilisi (Google Map)

     

    Departure Time

    July 5

    August 5

    September 5

    October

    Price Includes

    • Meeting at the airport
    • Transport from the airport after landing
    • Staying at the hotel
    • Having meal 3 times a day during the tour
    • Transport during the tour
    • Interpreter
    • Tickets for museums and nature reserves
    • Depart to the airport

    Price Excludes

    • Personal Expense
    • Room Service
    • Taxi
    • Insurance

    Complementaries

    • Water
    • Mineral water
    What to Expect
    • Ancient and early medieval Georgian monuments of history
    • Ancient architecture of Georgia, art
    • 1.6 million years old settlements
    • Georgia's diverse flora, fauna
    • Contemporary art of Georgia
    • Traditional dishes of Georgia
    • Georgia's diverse landscape
    • (Georgian folk polyphony)
    Itinerary

    Day 1Tbilisi

    Breakfast – 9:00 AM.
    State Museum of History of Georgia 9:00 AM.
    Lunch – 11:45 AM.
    Spare time;
    Dinner 2:00-2:45 PM.
    Excursion to Old Region Tbilisi 3:00 PM.
    Supper – 7:30 PM.
    Spare time.
    Hotel or Hostel or family or Guest House.

    Day 2Tbilisi - Bolnisi - Dmanisi (90 km)

    Breakfast 7:40 8:20. AM.
    Tbilisi – Dmanisi (UNESCO’s World Heritage tentative list) 8.40 AM.
    Lunch 11:45 AM.
    Dmanisi Museum-Reserve of History and Archaeology 11.00 AM.
    Dinner 3:40 PM.
    Dmanisi – Bolnisi 1:00 /1:40 PM.
    Bolnisi – The cathedral was built in 478–493. It is the oldest extant church building in Georgia;
    Supper 7:15 PM.
    Bolnisi – Tbilisi 9:00 PM.
    Spare time.
    Hotel or Hostel or family or Guest House.

    Day 3Tbilisi - Uphlistsikhe (80 km) – Mtskheta

    Breakfast 7:00-7:40 AM.
    Tbilisi – Uplistsikhe 8:00 AM.
    Uplistsikhe (UNESCO’s World Heritage tentative list);
    Lunch 11:45 AM;
    Mtskheta 13:30 PM.
    Mtskheta 1:30 PM (UNESCO’s world heritage list);
    Dinner in the Restaurant in Mtskheta 3:00 PM.
    Mtskheta – Tbilisi 7:00 PM.
    Supper – 7:50 PM.
    Spare time;
    Hotel/Hostel/Family House/Guest House in

    Day 4Tbilisi - Telavi (70 km)

    Breakfast 7:00-7:40 AM.
    Tbilisi – Telavi by bus 7:50 AM.
    Telavi 10:30 AM – is the main city and administrative center of Georgia’s eastern province of Kakheti;
    Excursion in Telavi;
    Lunch 12:00 PM.
    Historical Museum in Telavi;
    Excursion to Telavi and Alaverdi VI c. (UNESCO’s World Heritage tentative list);
    Dinner in the Restaurant or family, 3:00 PM;
    Telavi -Gremi Church of Archangels and Royal Tower;
    Supper in the Restaurant or family 7:30.-8:30 PM.
    Spare time;
    Hotel or Hostel or family or Guest House in Telavi.

    Day 5Telavi – DaviGgareji (70 km) – Tbilisi

    Breakfast 8.00 AM.
    Lunch on the way with provisions 12:00 PM.
    Telavi – David Gareja 12:00 PM.
    Dinner at restaurant in Sagarejo or Provision Bass, 1:20 PM.
    David Gareja (UNESCO’s World Heritage tentative list), 2:35 PM.
    Excursion to David Gareja;
    David Gareja – Tbilisi 6:50 PM.
    Tbilisi 8:00 PM.
    Supper 8:20 PM.
    Hotel or Hostel or Guest House or family / Airport.

    Map